Site of Apamea – University of Copenhagen

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Site of Apamea

Historical & archaeological value

Apamea is located 55 km to the north west of Hama, overlooking the Ghab valley and was discovered in 1933. The city was founded during the Seleucid period by the general Seleucus I Nicator (Seleucus the Victor), who named it after his wife, and it became a major military base during the period. Later in the Hellenistic period the city became a major urban center, covering an area of 250 hectares. Apamea became part of the Roman Empire and its famous 1800m long colonnade was built. The site also contains several baths, a theatre, churches and several mosaics depicting daily and religious life in the classical city. Many of the mosaics are stored at the site’s museum, a historic building constructed in the 16th century. Apamea came under Muslim control in 638 AD, and was later annexed to the principality of Antioch during the Crusades. The city was an important military base for the Ayyubid dynasty, but in later periods it was hit by a series of earthquakes which caused large scale destruction.